The Incredible Journey of Apollo 12

The Incredible Journey of Apollo 12


Earth. November 14, 1969. Three astronauts, with spacesuits, food, water,
and a battery of scientific and communications equipment, prepared to fly to the moon. Thousands gathered at the Kennedy Space Center
in Florida, including President and Mrs. Richard Nixon, to witness the historic launch. It was raining that day, but that was no cause
for delay. The ship that would carry them into space was designed to launch in any weather. But how would it respond to a powerful electrical
storm now gathering above the launch pad? That was just the beginning of the incredible
journey of Apollo 12. With three astronauts fastened into their
seats, the countdown proceeded. Astronaut and Mission Commander Pete Conrad
would say later: “The flight was extremely normal, for the first 36 seconds.” The five engines of the Saturn 5’s huge
first stage were designed to burn through 5 million pounds of liquid oxygen in just
two and a half minutes, and to send the spacecraft up 67 kilometers above the Atlantic Ocean. When it reached an altitude of 2000 meters,
something unexpected happened. Racing through the stormy environment, the
rocket generated a lightning bolt that traveled down its highly conductive exhaust trail. Another bolt hit 16 seconds later. All of the spacecraft’s circuit breakers
shut off. The tracking system was lost. A young flight controller in Houston, Texas
instructed astronaut Alan Bean on how to turn on an auxiliary power system. The mission
was back on track. Once in Earth orbit, all systems appeared
to check out, and flight control officials gave the crew the green light to leave Earth. The astronauts were not told of concern that
the lighting strikes had damaged the pyrotechnic system used to deploy the parachutes that
would ease them back through the Earth’s atmosphere. If that system failed, the astronauts would
not return alive. This mission would have its share of perils,
not unlike those faced by a long line of past explorers, whose courage and restless spirit
propelled them into the unknown. This one, however, was backed by years of
technology development, test flights, astronaut training, and the largest support team back
home that any mission ever had. But hundreds of thousands of kilometers out
in space the three astronauts were pretty much on their own. What made Apollo 12 unique was the friendship
and chemistry of its crew. Conrad, Bean, and Richard Gordon were all Navy men. Working
and training together on the Gemini program, they had gained each other’s respect and
trust. Now, hurtling across more than 400,000 kilometers
to the moon, they prepared to fullfill the mission’s goals. One was to set up a scientific station designed
to record seismic, atmospheric, and solar data. Another was to visit an unmanned lunar probe
called Surveyor III that had landed there two and a half years before. The idea was
to bring back a part to study the effect of the lunar environment. A third goal was to improve on the landing
of Apollo 11 just 5 months before. Dropping down over a region called the Sea
of Tranquility, pilot Neil Armstrong found himself heading straight for a crater full
of boulders. He had to fly over the planned landing site
and find a new one. Now kilometers beyond the target, the lander,
called Eagle, was literally running out of gas. With less than 30 seconds of fuel left, Neil
Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin finally touched down on a landscape obscured by dust stirred
up by the vehicle’s thrusters. Future astronauts would have to be able to
make precision landings at locations dictated by science. That meant they would have to
touch down on landscapes filled with all kinds of rocks and craters. For Apollo 12, the science pointed to a region
known as the Ocean of Storms, some 2000 kilometers from where the Eagle had landed. Here, the
landscape is dark from lava that cooled to form its flat expanse billions of years ago. Within it, an impacting asteroid had hollowed
out Copernicus crater, perhaps showering the region with rocks blasted out from deep underground. To sample this geological treasure trove,
the astronauts sought to land at a series of smaller craters about 45 kilometers away. After a journey lasting 83 and a half hours,
the crew fired the spacecraft’s engine to go into an elliptical lunar orbit. Five hours later a second burn put the spacecraft
into a circular orbit 111 kilometers above the lunar surface. The next day, Pete Conrad and Allan Bean entered
the lunar module, Intrepid. Separating from the command module, they dropped
down toward their target. Pete Conrad would rely on improvements in
the ship’s landing radar to find his way to touchdown. Pete Conrad and Alan Bean landed without a
hitch. Now, they prepared to climb down the ladder
to experience a whole new world. The plan was for Earth to experience it too,
courtesy of a color video camera that was designed to send back a live signal. Conrad was careful to keep it pointed away
from the Sun to protect its sensitive imaging tubes. Unfortunately, it caught the glare
from Intrepid’s shiny surface, and blew. Back on Earth, the television networks cancelled
their coverage. Millions of viewers then went about their day. Which left Conrad and Bean to go about theirs’. The astronauts spent the first of two four-hour
moonwalks setting up science and communications equipment, taking photographs, and seeing
what was there. There were discoveries and surprises aplenty.
One was a series of mounds out in the open, perhaps made up of material ejected from the
craters upon impact. Two and a half hours into the moonwalk, the
astronauts flipped their wrist-mounted checklists to their next task. They opened an unlikely page, placed there
by the Apollo 12 back-up crew. This little prank hardly distracted from their
central goal: to walk among the craters making observations and picking up rocks. That was part of a major, unheralded, scientific
quest of the Apollo program: to find clues to where the moon came from. At the time, there were three leading theories. The so-called fission theory, championed by
George Howard Darwin, son of Charles Darwin, held that the moon was once part of the Earth,
cast off by the rapid spin of its young parent. That might explain the Pacific Ocean, a giant
hole in the Earth’s surface. Then there was the capture theory, which held
that the moon was a wayward object that floated through our solar system and was pulled into
orbit by Earth’s gravity. A third idea came from the American astronomer
Thomas Jefferson Jackson See, known at the time for his attacks on Einstein’s theories. He suggested that the Moon formed near Earth
and gradually fell under its gravitational spell. In that case, moon rocks should resemble
those of Earth. Finding out which theory is correct would
also yield clues to the formation of the solar system at large, and perhaps even to the birth
of our own planet. Day Two on the Moon. Neither Conrad nor Bean
had been able to get much sleep. Excitement got the best of them. The pair now left Intrepid for a second, and
final, moonwalk. The suits they wore had been built for spending
time on the Moon’s surface, with five layers stitched together to maintain constant temperature
and air pressure. Because direct exposure to the sun could heat the suits to 120 degrees
Fahrenheit, the innermost layers circulated water around the astronaut’s body to keep
him cool. On the outside was a shell to protect against
micro-meteors that routinely batter the moon’s surface. The astronauts found that lunar dust
was so abrasive that this outer layer quickly sustained damage, and so fine that it crept
into the rotating wrist joints. This time, the plan was to move out along
the edge of Surveyor Crater and pay the probe a visit. Along the way, there were pictures to take,
samples to collect, coring tools to drive into the ground. It was a world filled with optical illusions
and strange juxtapositions. The lunar landscape appears monochromatic,
a bright gray. With no atmosphere, the light is harsh, with shadows cast in deep black. But close up, the moon offers a variety of
rich and colorful details owing to its tumultuous past. The Ocean of Storms is an ancient basin that
was hollowed out by a huge impact and filled with lava. Finally, the team arrived at Surveyor. They
cut off select components to take back to Earth. Scientists would make a surprising discovery
lodged in the camera was a colony of bacteria. Did it sneak into the component upon its return
to Earth? Or, had it somehow survived for two and a half years on the moon? To this day, no one knows the answer to this
intriguing question. One final stop remained: Block crater, where
a basketball-sized impactor had exposed the lunar bedrock, leaving a wealth of new samples. One rock they picked up is known as KREEP,
for potassium, rare earth elements, and phosphorus. It’s thought to be a piece of bedrock that
formed over 4 billion years ago… on a lunar surface that was entirely molten. Just a few years later, this evidence would
coalesce into a radical new idea of the moon’s origins. At the dawn of the solar system, Earth shared
an orbit with a Mars-sized body now called Theia. Its orbit became unstable and it headed in
Earth’s direction. Theia struck Earth at an oblique angle, causing
the Earth to spin faster and debris from both bodies to fly into orbit. When the dust settled, the debris began to
coalesce in Earth orbit, forming the Moon. The moon, then, comes primarily from the outer
layers of the Earth and Theia. That’s why overall the moon is less dense than Earth. From this violent beginning, the moon gradually
cooled, and the magma that lined its surface hardened into a crust. It was now time for Conrad and Bean to prepare
for the return flight home. Along with their gear, they packed up 75 pounds
of scientifically priceless dirt and rocks. In the years to come, these samples, and those
from the remaining Apollo missions, would continue to yield clues to the history of
the moon, and its companion, Earth. Even as Conrad and Bean lifted off from the
moon, there was still more science to do. The lander rose up to join the command module,
docking flawlessly. Conrad and Bean transferred their samples and equipment. Then they released Intrepid, sending it hurtling
back down to the Lunar surface. The idea was to use the impact of a crash landing to calibrate
equipment that would monitor moon quakes and asteroid impacts. When it hit, the impact resonnated like a
bell for over half an hour, as seismic waves rippled through the moon’s interior. There was one more thing left to do: get home
safely. Just before arrival, they gazed at a brilliant
scene of Earth moving across the sun. Apollo 12 hit Earth’s atmosphere at 40,000
kilometers per hour. The parachute pack opened just fine. Not even a bolt of lightning could spoil this
trip. The crew of Apollo 12 had shown how it’s done, even adding flair to efficiency
and precision. Well, almost. At splashdown, Alan Bean got beaned by a camera
that had not been secured. His five stitches would be forgotten. What no one could forget was a camera magazine
filled with exposed film that had gotten jammed and then accidentally left on the lunar surface. Ironically, given the magnitude of their accomplishment,
the astronauts reported catching hell for that oversight. Conrad, Bean and the other astronauts of Apollo
will go down in history as the first to step off our planet. Four moon landings later,
the program faded away in the wake of declining expectations, social discord, and the politics
of those turbulent times. The incredible journey of Apollo 12 lives
on as a symbol for those who may one day revive the instinct to travel beyond our planet,
in search of clues to the origins of our world, and our place in the cosmos. 3

Comments

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    SpaceRip

    Hey everyone, if you like this video you should check out more space and science videos in 4k at https://magellan.tv/space

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    Transient iAp

    If Americans were really the first and the only ones to be given that moon from God, then why half century later they weren't able to set a tourism tour to the moon, as good as they're at business, and as greedy as they are.. Wonder.. 😀 Or they may have not thought about it! Ha.. ! So here is: my genius business proposal to them.. 😀

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    Innocent Killer

    Fake 100% Fake😂😂😂😂😂 before 50 year technology not advance but 2019 to much technology power full why not go again the moon…😂😂😂 this only fake fuck video😂😂😂

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    Yarang Imchen

    The world and the technology is fast marching ahead humanity because of science. If anyone disagree this then u deserved to be in the toilets of others cleaning and earning for ur living. Come on science is everything…

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    RC LaROCK /The Micstro

    NOTE ..ALL BLANK MONITOR SCREENS IN NASA COMMAND STATION……
    WHY is always the flight footage cut short ……in flight we never see them go anywhere but up…
    this is not proof ..of anything ….how the is the craft to navigating in vacuums of space without air ..what is is pushing off of…. if they are in a vacuum …..
    NO AIR MEANS NO SPARK …NO EXHAUST NO REPULSION ..- studio cables landed the tin foil craft
    .ALL BULL SHIT ……cancelled coverage …there was no electrical communications from earth to moon ….
    wireless communications ????in empty space …..ponder that …..
    …..THE MOON IS NOT A DUST ROCK …note they have no safety harnesses ..to the craft ship ..
    no worries in the studio ponder that

  24. Post
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    RC LaROCK /The Micstro

    cant bend water .only the Truth 
    …FOOLS ARE FOOLED…….water evaporation dis proves GRAVITY as a force its a mere word.
    from gravitate …means to draw near…..does not apply to evaporation 
    an AD-VERB ……fake force gravity has no atoms……a mere word….having math digits assigned
    for calculation and formulation …..end game

  25. Post
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    RC LaROCK /The Micstro

    GET READY for MAN MADE Star Wars……….
    MIND CONTROL …govern your mental departments …………not a STAR or Greek Planet god in site

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    Xxxtreme.

    He fried the colour video camera after he seen….👽…..he left a roll of film and camera on the moon after he seen…👽👽…..or perhaps they got jacked by….👽👽👽

  29. Post
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    Ray McCormick

    I have a question : How and why did the flag shake and the flag pole was bent all the way to the ground when they lift off tfrom the moon if there is no air on moon's atmosphere ? I am not a conspiracionist at all but I am not a scientist either. I would like to understand that. I do think phisicists can expalin that with the laws of phisics.

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    DonniDeVille

    The narrator's have to be good actors, as this is how many train to act. But it angers me so much.. We all know they could not go to the moon using computers not even as powerful as the ones we used today….. And NASA scientist said they could not go through the Van Allen Belt which is really the asteroid belt…

    Com on, everyone knows the truth…. All these lies are being blown apart and soon, far more truths will be seen as it is all unraveling, and they don't seem to care what we know now…..

    https://youtu.be/MWWbzL8RTIo
    Check that link for proof that the Challenger had NO astranauts on it and see who they are today…. LOOK!

  32. Post
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    mulder2400

    All NASA "Space Programs" are and have been faked and staged. Here idiots, this will wake you up – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-RdLU-WPT4 Earth is not a "Planet" it's part of a continuous Plane. NASA lies to all of us all the time.

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    Full ARM

    The incredible LIES of all apollo socalled mission…..If you cant make it …fake it…china was a little" smarter " they went to the back side of the moon….STILL all a bunch of lies wich is the new truth…argh!…what a joke that people still believe in CGI and greenscreen

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    Ben Frank

    Theory about the moon's origin are unverifiable speculation ~ NASA Lies, Scientists Lie.
    The world is full of Liars ~ No one has ever landed on the Moon. They went to the Hollywood stage set up in the Nevada desert ~ that is how close they got to the moon.

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    carlito beck

    lmfao, the camera blew so people on earth couldn't see anything ?? but only they could??? hhhhhhmmmmmmm sounds funny to me !!! maybe making out the flag was there etc ???? and everything else haha!! all BOLLOCKS

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    carlito beck

    so they can take pictures… of the lunar? and people on here say by machines !!! lol so if the machines took pictures of them landing ??????? when there camera blew …… why didn't they use the machine to take pictures and show the world! all bollocks

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    maria harlene go palsis

    1969 when the Philippines won Miss Universe because of her answer will change the costume of the 3 astronout when they come back home..😀

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    Reg. Oper. Team

    NEVER HAPPEND THE USA WAS NEVER ON THE MOON ITS A HOAX TO GET MONEY TO BUY NUCLEAR MISSILES WHAT THE SHOW ON TV WAS NOT THE MOON BUT A SCENE BUILD IN A STUDIO AT AREA 51

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    Margaret Neanover

    Theory of truth, the moon was a first Earth beginning, then the math was reworked or mocked. However, it is a timely/ distance piece instrument. The wedge it shadows allows the distance and surround of atmosphere. The actual needed proportion for propper mechanics some call tech.

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    orangequarter

    Are the subtitles just there, or did I just fuck something up and are too dumb to remove them? Would prefer no subtitles.

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    Ross Mariu

    Hahaha hahaha bulllllllllshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit bullshit

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    hal biggiam

    As a boy growing up with Mercury, Gemini and Apollo, I was fascinated. I began a scrape book on everything related to NASA and space program, starting in 64, age 8. Later I had models of all manned space craft, with the LEM being my favorite. Myself and two friends all had varying telescopes, but Chuck had a fantastic10 inch scope. I learned so much about astronomy with my friends, school science became boring and redundant. In July, 69 the excitement and anticipation became almost unbearable, I was 13. Watching man journey into space and land on the moon was almost beyond description. I'm 63 now, thought mankind's exploration into space would be ''light year's'' ahead of where we are now in 2019. Disappointed doesn't begin to describe my feelings about current NASA and the''non believer's'' of man's landing on the moon, flat earth and other lame B.S. theories. I'm hopeful I'll live to experience man landing on Mar's, thought it would already taken place decades ago. I wish for mankind's hatred and Waring ways to be replaced , by the worldwide pride, sense of brotherhood and shared achievement, as man walked on another celestial body. However fleeting that moment may have been, I still have hope for mankind's future, it's innate, common quest for exploration, may bring us together, as one culture, one people.

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    kenneth furlong

    was this before lost in space? di they have a simular robot that went haywire? also did penny and the bloop also known as Debbie the bloop really stow away on Apollo 12?

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    kenneth furlong

    hell!!1the Jupiter 2 flew thur the sun in order to survive,the van halen belts couldn't kill em either eddie just doesn't have the guitar chops he used to .may lost in space live on bloop bloopb loop

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    Bushra Abdulle

    why bother waste money and time looking what Humans can't solve or do anything about it this is bigger than Human minds

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    Kev T

    I like how they even mention stiring up moon dust and could not see at one stage yet none landed on the landing leg dishes on the bottom of the lander legs. So how did that happen.Its always been a strong point of showing the thing was staged and they forgot to place dust in the right spots to deliver a believable set!

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